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  • How do storms get their names?
  • nahyun | 2020.08.18 11:32
  • How do storms get their names?





















    Are hurricanes/storms given names in your country?

    Why do you think storms are given names?


    Why do we name hurricanes?

    Hurricanes are named to streamline messages and communications. Short, distinctive names are easier for people to remember. And they also are less confusing. Less confusing names are better for sharing important information for example with the media and the public. If there is more than one storm or hurricane then it is easier to follow a storms predicted impact.

    The National Hurricane Center began giving storms names in 1950. In the beginning they were named from the alphabet (Able, Baker, Charlie, and so on). But this method was changed in 1953 in favor of using alphabetized female names.

    The first tropical storm to receive a female name was tropical storm Alice in 1953. 

    In 1978, mens names were added to the storm list. Each year they would change between male and female names. So a storm name with an A, like Anne, would be the first in any year. Then it would be followed by B for Bernard, for example.

    Before the use of short names, hurricanes had been categorized by the numbers (from the latitude and longitude of the storm). This was easy for weather specialists (meteorologists) to follow.  But it was widely seen as confusing for other people.

    How do hurricanes get their names?

    The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is now responsible for the lists of hurricane names. The WMO keeps six lists of 21 male and female names. These names are recycled every six years.


    Try to guess the meaning of the words in bold and match them with their closest meaning from the choices in the right. Some of the answers are very close and have similar meaning. The meaning of these words is how they are used in the reading. Some of these words have different meanings in the dictionary depending on how they are used.

     The answers are below the table.

     streamline  A   1  The effect when one thing hits another thing 
     distinctive  B   2  To make things smoother and easier to go from one thing to the next 
     predicted  C   3  To list things into groups or lists 
     impact  D   4  The job or task that a person must do and whom is expected to answer questions about 
     in favor of   E   5  To say what will happen in the future 
     categorized  F   6  Most people believe think of something in the same way 
     widely seen as  G   7  To choose one thing before another thing 
     responsible  H   8  Clear, very easy to see 

    A=2, B=8, C=5, D=1, E=7, F=3, G=6, H=4


    Some example sentences using the new words or phrases from the meaning of how they are used in the reading to help you understand better.


    1. We need to streamline this. For example, I want the truck to meet the train at the same time so there is not waiting.

    2. That haircut makes you distinctive. In a busy place it is easy to see you.

    3. It is predicted that next year we will have an increase in sales.

    4. Coronavirus has impacted business badly.

    5. We are not in favor of making this drug legal.

    6. I want you to put these students into categories. The categories are the older to youngest, and the highest to lowest scores.

    7. Drinking too much alcohol is widely seen as unhealthy.

    8. Please be responsible to your parents and come back home by lunchtime.


    Some questions using the new words/phrases. Try to use the words/phrases in your answer.



    1. How are storms categorized in your country?

    2. What do you predict the weather will be like this fall/winter?

    3. Would you be good in a job where you would streamline how things are done?

    4. What makes you distinctive? For example in your job, appearance, etc?


    5. How has coronavirus impacted you?

    6. What law or laws are you not in favor of? Why?

    7. Is 2021 widely seen as positive/negative/same in your country? For example - the economy, business, the world.

    8. What things are you responsible for?

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